How To Make A Aquaponic System

Easy Aquaponics DVDHow To Make A Aquaponic System!

‘Break-Through Organic Gardening Secret Grows You Up To 10 Times The Plants, In Half The Time, With Healthier Plants, While the “Fish” Do All the Work…”!

Imagine a Garden Where There’s No More Weeds or Soil Pests, No Tilling or Cultivating, No Fertilizer Spreading or Compost Shredding, No Manure Spreading or Irrigating, and No Tractor Shed Required…
And Yet… Your Plants Grow Abundantly, Taste Amazing, and Are Extremely Healthy. Here’s How How To Build An Aquaponic System: Click here to access your easy aquaponics step by step guide.


Dear Gardener,
Imagine you knew a secret about growing plants in a break-through new way… to the outside world your organic garden or farm would seem almost “magic”, Why? Because people almost never see you working in it!
While everyone else works hard at planting, weeding…more weeding…, watering, fertilizing, composting,… and more and more weeding… You’re gardening from the comfort of your hammock.
What’s more… your plants grow twice as fast, and you can grow up to ten times more of them in the same area of space as your neighbors do. That means, if you’re growing lettuce, and have 10 square feet of space… your method grows as much lettuce as someone would with 100 square feet of space!
If this sounds like a dream, you may be shocked to discover that farms and home gardens like this already exist… and you can do it too.
If you want to transform your gardening, and possibly even your life forever, get a cup of tea or coffee, sit down, and spend the next 5 minutes reading this short story, this will be the most important letter you read this year, here’s why:
“Break-Through in Organic Plant Nutrition Leads to Shocking Results… ”
In the past several years, researchers from the University of the Virgin Islands have discovered and experimented with a break-through new way of growing plants organically.
The process is revolutionary because with it your plants grow 100% to 50% faster, and you can grow up to TEN times the plants in the same amount of space. How does it work? Basically, it turns normal gardening on organic super-drive as it feeds rich ALIVE natural nutrients to your plants 24 hours per day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.
In 2006-2007, the ‘secret’ slowly started to leak out and people started catching on… converting gardens and entire commercial farms to the system.

“4,000 Pounds of Organic Vegetables Per Month, With 1/10th The Space… The Gardening Revolution Begins!” 
Click here to access your easy aquaponics step by step guide.

On a recent visit to Hawaii, I discovered one family already applying this method, and its transformed their gardening, and their lives.

Using this method they grow over 4,000 pounds of organic vegetables per month… with only about 3,000 square feet of space. That’s just about the size of a well sized yard!

They are producing so much food, they can feed their family with the food they grow AND recently got USDA Organic Certification and have started to sell their produce to local markets.

Now, if you’ve read this far, and you’ve grown plants before, you might think this sounds like science-fiction. Wait till you hear this:
“It’s Almost Completely Automated.”
This one family in Hawaii spends less than 1 hour per day.
Just to compare… a normal farm that produces 4,000 of vegetables per month would need about 3-4 hours of labor per day!
The only effort involved is in this system is setting it up initially and planting, and then, it runs on auto-pilot.
Here’s just a taste of what happens on this system, and what you’ll experience when you do this yourself.
There’s no more weeding. The system removes your need for pain-staking and annoying weeding. You get more freedom and enjoyment!
No more fertilizing or soil cultivation. In fact, the whole process of nutrient delivery to your plants, which is absolutely critical, is almost completely automated. It works without you, that’s the key of this system!
No more soil pests. The need for pesticides is eliminated, which makes it that much easier for you to have amazing plants and fruit without toxic chemicals.
It grows most plants twice as fast. Plant experts are shocked when they visit these farms at how fast plants grow. For example… lettuce, which takes 60+ days to mature, takes only about 29 days with this system.
You use up to 70% less Energy than conventional gardening!

All these things normally take up 90% of your time and effort and are hard work. This system takes them completely out of the equation, which is why with a home system you spend only minutes in daily maintenance, instead of hours.
Now wait… this sounds way too good to be true. It’s the opposite of everything gardening and farming is about. There’s got to be a fault somewhere, right?

People who see this ask this question all the time: “Where’s the fault? What’s the catch?”

However, the more you look at it, the more you realize that it’s actually the result of what happens when you build something in balance with nature.
Here’s the secret how and why this works:
“It’s About Giving The Plants What They Really Need…”

Imagine for a moment that you had the ability to connect to a plant’s roots…it’s life support system… and give it Aquaponics system designEVERYTHING it needs, 24/7/365 days a year. All the rich and alive nutrients, minerals and vitamins.
If you could do this… your plants would thrive like never before. This is what agriculture has strived to do since the beginning
In an attempt to try to do this in the past, ‘Hydroponics’ was invented. It’s a way of growing plants with their roots directly in water; the idea is that you can feed plants more directly with plant food being introduced directly to the roots, without soil.
To sum it up… it doesn’t really work. Yes, plants grow big fruit, but… it all tastes like water! It just doesn’t produce REAL nutrients for the plants; the plant is de-mineralized and ‘under-fed’.
Plus, you spend more money on plant food than you could imagine!
The University experimented with a solution to this problem… it was a huge success… and if you do it, it will turn your gardening world up-side down.
What the University found was something amazing… There IS a way to get everything your plants need… directly to the roots… it’s free … and nature will do it FOR you….
The idea was so simple it’s mind-boggling… It’s about balance with nature, which is automatic, for example:

1. Trees provide us with Oxygen to breathe…
2. We breathe out Carbon-Dioxide, and…
3. In turn the trees breathe the Carbon-Dioxide… and breathe out Oxygen.

It’s automatic… we don’t have to think about where and how we’re getting our oxygen… it just happens.

Well, what if you could do the same thing for plants? So their food supply is automated. You can, with AQUA-PONICS. It is the combination of hydroponics with aqua-culture.

Aqua-Culture is the process of growing fish in a tank… and it has one big problem… Fish produce Ammonia, Algae, Minerals, and all kinds of other by-products that need to be constantly filtered.

Wait a minute! Plants eat Ammonia, Algae, Minerals and Nitrates! Everything that fish produce naturally!

What if you connect the two together? This is where the magic of aqua-ponics comes in!
If you are looking for an ideal solution for growing organic vegetables or other plants and raising fish at the same time then aquaponics may be the system you are searching for!

Aquaponics is a system of agriculture involving the cultivation of plants and aquatic animals such as fish in a symbiotic environment. In a traditional aquaculture, animal waste accumulate in the water, making it toxic for the fish. This water is then led to a hydroponic system where the by-products from the aquaculture are filtered out by the plants as vital nutrients, after which the clean water is recycled back to the animals.

Aquaponic systems vary in size from small indoor or outdoor units to large commercial units. The systems usually contain fresh water, but salt water systems are plausible depending on the type of aquatic animal and vegetation.

All Things Living In Your Aquaponics System

The fish in your system.

Your aquaponics systems begin with the fish and you can select from many as long as they are fresh water fish. When deciding which type of fish it would be wise to ask yourself if you want the fish for show or to consume. Reason being because if you are going to use an edible fish it is a good choice as a beginner to use tilapia because they are hearty, their oxygen requirements are low and they are flavorful.

The plants in your system.

You have a lot of choices when it comes to the plants you can grow in a media-based system; you will however want to avoid acid loving plants. You can position your plants much closer than you would in a garden because they will not be competing for nutrients, water and oxygen. You will need to supply ample light for all of the plants you do not want to have them competing for a light source.

The bacteria in your system.

In an aquaponics system bacteria is vital, bacteria is the task master converting ammonia (which is poisonous) into nitrates without their contribution your fish would perish and with no fish your plant life would starve. See how an aquaponics system is a beautiful relationship?

The worms in your system.

Worms play a vital role as well as the bacteria by breaking down the solid fish waste into vermicompost which your plants are going to love. After your system is established you would want to introduce composting red worms into your media used in your grow beds.

The Various Elements Non Living In Your Aquaponics System

The importance of proper temperature.

We all like to be comfortable in our homes, cars or elsewhere as we go about our daily lives, likewise your fish will thrive if they in a temperature controlled environment. The temperature you maintain will depend on the type of fish you will be using in your system. You will need to acquire some tools for monitoring, maintaining the proper water temperature for the fish you are going to use. Some of these tools may be a water chiller, water heater preferably thermostatically controlled and a digital thermometer.

The importance of light in your system.

The components in an aquaponics system that do not require sunlight is your bacteria and your fish because bacteria prefers the dark to thrive and if your fish tank get too much light you will have issues with algae. Your plants on the other hand need sunlight or light from grow lights, depending on the plants you want to grow will determine the amount of light they will require, as example herbs need approximately ten to twelve hours of light.

The fish tank in your system.

The size of the tank you decide to use will have a lot of influence on the rest of your system and have a bearing on which type of fish you will use. As an example if you are going to construct a small desk top system using a common aquarium then you will be forced to use aquarium fish.

If your desire is to raise fish to consume then you will require a larger tank and it also is vital that it be made of food grade or food safe materials. If you want to raise pan size fish then you should consider a fish tank that is at least a fifty gallon capacity or larger.

The grow beds in your system.

Another important factor to consider in relationship to the size of your fish tank is the size of your growing bed space, a good rule of thumb is whatever the size of your fish tank is in terms of volume your grow bed should be the same. You should take care not to make your grow bed too shallow it is a good idea to maintain approximately twelve inches giving more room for plants and the bacteria will find it easier to establish itself.

The growing media used in your system.

An important factor when deciding on your growing media is that it should not decompose or be biologically active, it needs to the perfect filter for the fish waste and not add debris to your system. It is common in most aquaponics systems to use clay pellets or gravel. There are specialty products available for these types of systems.

The plumbing used in your system.

Your system would not survive and flourish without the constant flow of filtered water; it is the delivery system for your fish and plants. When you set up your system you will need to decide on which system you would prefer to use either a flood & drain or ebb & flow system. You will need to research the types and decide which one you would prefer based on the type of system you have.

The cycles of your aquaponics system.

This is the part of your system that will require your patience because the proper nitrifying bacteria levels must be reached before you can introduce your fish and plant life into the system. If you grow impatient and introduce fish into the system to soon and the ammonia levels are too high you risk killing your fish! You will need to test your water with the proper equipment until the ideal levels are reached this could take several weeks.

The care and maintenance of your system.

When you begin your first system it will be important to monitor the ph daily to reach the ideal levels but as your system matures it will require less maintenance. However you will still need to be vigilant it is not a set it up and leave it alone system, so if you plan on leaving town for a long period of time you will need to consider that before beginning your aquaponics-asystem.
There are three part components to the system:

Your Fish, The Plants You Grow, and The Hardware You Use To Build.

1. Fish

A variety of freshwater fish can and have been used for aquaponics systems,

including carp, goldfish, trout, smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, catfish, and

tilapia to name a few.

2. Plants

Based upon your decision surrounding your choice of fish, and the stage of their

maturity, you will now need to give thought to your plants.

The Ultimate Aquaponics Home System is a float based system, and you can

either start your seedlings already in the floats or you can transfer the shoots

from a seedling bed attached to the system (an option for which your plans here

allow) or from a conventional seedling tray.

3. Hardware

Schedule 40 PVC, Pump, Floats, lumber, and water treatment products.

Many of the hardware items can be purchased locally.

Further your education of this awesome way of growing your own vegetables and at the same time raising fish.

The beautiful feature of Aquaponics is your system can be as small as a desktop unit to a full blown farm, the choice is yours. However it is very wise to start small and work your way up to larger systems if you desire.

Find your Aquaponics education here:

Aquaponics How To Books

 

You will need to understand 3 chemistry or physics concepts but don’t panic you can do this! It is important that you get a test kit to play with, which is the easiest way to learn about what’s happening in your tanks at all times. In the beginning, as you are optimizing your system, you will need to test more frequently, but within a few weeks you will end up testing less and less as you fully understand the relevant causalities.

1. Dissolved oxygen (DO)

The fish need this to breathe and you either provide it with a small air pump connected to multiple ‘airstones’ deep in the fish pond alone, or you supplement a smaller pump with our special energy saving solution as detailed in the construction portion of this manual. Aeration is critical to the survival of the fish, so you may want to consider back up scenarios during potential power outages!

2. Ammonia/ Nitrites/ Nitrates

Fish poop and urine contain ammonia, which is toxic to the fish and vegetables.

The answer to this otherwise deadly problem is provided by nature herself: nitrifying bacteria that turn ammonium first into nitrites and then into nitrates. So before you can grow vegetables with the water from the fish tank you need to have nitrates. It may take as long as 3 months for the nitrates to show up on their own naturally, so if you are in a hurry you may choose to inoculate your system and get the process going as early as one week. You can inoculate your system with ProLine nitrifying bacteria to start it up quickly.

3. Additives: Calcium carbonate/ potassium carbonate/ iron chelate

When needed, the carbonates provide extra potassium and calcium to the plants and raise the pH as well. If your plants seem a little yellow, they are probably iron deficient; add iron chelate directly into the grow bed and this will take care of the problem.

 

More than half of the waste created by fish is in the form of ammonia,

secreted through the gills and ends up in the urine. The balance of the waste is

excreted as fecal waste, then proceeds thru a process called mineralization which

occurs when Heterotrophic bacteria devours fish waste, decaying plant matter

and uneaten food, converting all three to ammonia and other compounds.

In the right amount ammonia is toxic to fish and your plants. Nitrifying bacteria, which

naturally reside in the soil, water and air convert ammonia to nitrite

(Nitrosomonas bacteria), then to nitrate (Nitrobacter) which rings the dinner bell for your plants. Nitrifying bacteria will do well in the gravel beds and in the water in the system. The plants readily take up the nitrites and nitrates in the water and, in

consuming it, help to keep the water clean and safe for the fish.

 

Aquaponics Resources

Aquarticles.com – http://aquarticles.com/

Aquaponics Journal – http://www.aquaponicsjournal.com/articles.htm

Aquaculture Network Information Center – http://www.aquanic.org/index.htm

You Tube – http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=aquaponics

Google Video – http://video.google.com/videosearch?q=aquaponics#

Fish:

Ensure you research habits (feeding, breeding, and habitat) of any fish you stock.

http://www.overtonfisheries.com/

http://www.morningstarfishermen.org/education.html

http://www.miami-aquaculture.com/lvstk.htm

http://www.valmeyerk12.org/clubs/valmeyer_ffa%20TILAPIA.htm

Resource for tilapia fingerlings: Travis W. Hughey aquaponic70@yahoo.com

(minimum order of 25)

Resource for tilapia fingerlings: http://www.miami-aquaculture.com/tilapia.htm

(they may have a minimum order of 150, get a small group together to split an order)

Resource for worms: http://www.ourvitalearth.com/

Fish Food:

Live foods are good sources of supplements and provide food variety for carnivorous fish

Resource for live food: http://www.lfscultures.com/

Resource for duckweed: http://shop.ebay.com/?_nkw=duckweed

Resource for duckweed: http://www.petsolutions.com/Default.aspx?ItemID=99969

Resource for duckweed: http://store.aquaticplantdepot.com/floatspaw.html

Resource for duckweed: http://www2.mailordercentral.com/pwg/

Resource for duckweed info: http://www.p2pays.org/ref/09/08875.htm

Troubleshooting Plants:

Resources:

http://www.hbci.com/~wenonah/min-def/list.htm

Troubleshooting Fish:

Resources:

You can diagnose problems by consulting with your fish supplier. Feed your fish at a rate appropriate to the biomass of your fish and stage of growth.

General Fish Resources (not necessarily geared towards aquaponics):

http://fishbase.org/

http://fins.actwin.com/

http://www.kokosgoldfish.com/typesoftreatment.html

http://www.fishdoc.co.uk/

http://www.plantedtank.net/articles/Common-Freshwater-Fish-Diseases/13/

http://www.practicalfishkeeping.co.uk/pfk/pages/tools.php